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Foundation Doctrines of Christianity & The Seventh-day Adventist Faith


An in-depth study on Luke 21:24

Statement on the Godhead



By A. T Jones

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By Christian Edwardson
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By Christian Edwardson
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Wm. H. Grotheer Manuscripts on Adventist Alert:


The Holy Flesh Movement 1899-1901




Welcome to, a website presenting the writings and sermons of the late Wm. H. Grotheer, Executive Secretary of the former Adventist Laymen's Foundation of Mississippi, Inc., in close affiliation with Adventist Laymen's Foundation of Iowa, Inc. and 

Watchman, What of the Night (WWN) Articles

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The Great Controversy Between Christ and Satan

Prophecy Fulfilled in History and Current Events

The Glorious Second Coming
(Very Near)

Jesus Christ's Own Prophecy
of the End
(Luke 21:24)
(A Prophetic Time Period)

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Doctrine of the Incarnation
(The Humanity of Christ)
The Everlasting Gospel
(Righteousness By Faith)
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No person authorized by Adventist Laymen's Foundation of Mississippi-Arkansas donated books and papers of Wm. H. Grotheer/Adventist Laymen's Foundation to Andrews University Library



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Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unright-eousness? and what communion hath light with darkness? And what concord hath Christ with Belial? or what part hath he that believeth with an infidel? And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you, And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.  2 Cor. 6:14-18


then Review again, and
Review all that you've Reviewed"  {Quoted from WWN 5-7(00)

After the truth has been proclaimed as a witness to all nations, every conceivable power of evil will be set in operation, and minds will be confused by many voices crying, "Lo, here is Christ, Lo, he is there. This is the truth, I have the message from God, he has sent me with great light." Then there will be a removing of the landmarks, and an attempt to tear down the pillars of our faith. (R&H, December 13, 1892.)



"A Message Whose Time Has Come"

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A Major Path For Rome Among Many Converging through Jerusalem to Global Domination By Satan in Person - the Ultimate Antichrist


(The Roman Catholic Social Doctrine - Ascendancy of the Roman Catholic dogma in the body politic of the United States.)



Daniel 7 and Leviticus 16 Harmonized

Judgment of the Righteous Before the Ancient of Days?

(An exegesis of John 5:22, 24, 27)











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Americanism Laid to Rest
(End Times Seminar Excerpt)
And Related Prophetic Events

And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.  John 8:32 

My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because thou hast rejected knowledge, I will also reject thee, that thou shalt be no priest to me . . .  Hosea 4:6

For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears; And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.  2 Tim. 4:3-4

And then the lawless one will be revealed, whom the Lord will consume with the breath of His mouth and destroy with the brightness of His coming. The coming of the lawless one is according to the working of Satan, with all power, signs, and lying wonders, and with all unrighteous deception among those who perish, because they did not receive the love of the truth, that they might be saved. And for this reason God will send them strong delusion, that they should believe the lie, that they all may be condemned who did not believe the truth but had pleasure in unrighteousness.
2 Thess. 2:8-12 (NKJV; emphasis added)


The contemporary body of corporate Seventh-day Adventists and many, many Independent Ministries are sleepwalking far behind the march of prophetic events.  It is high time to wake up and WATCH!

"The hour has come, the hour is striking and striking at you, the hour and the end!"  Eze. 7:6 (Moffatt)

The words of Jesus Christ Himself about His Second Coming - Matt. 24:

21For then shall be great tribulation , such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be. 22And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: but for the elect’s sake those days shall be shortened. [Cf. Dan. 11:45-12:1] 23Then if any man shall say unto you, Lo, here is Christ, or there; believe it not. 24For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall show great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect.  [Cf. Isa.  25Behold, I have told you before. 26Wherefore if they shall say unto you, Behold, he is in the desert; go not forth: behold, he is in the secret chambers; believe it not. 27For as the lightning cometh out of the east, and shineth even unto the west; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. [Wrote John the Revelator - Rev. 1:7, "Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced him" and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen. (Cf. Rev. 19)]  . . .30And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. 31And he shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.  (Emphasis added.)

Of the great antichrist God has revealed through His prophet Isaiah:

12How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations! 13For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north: 14I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High. (Cf. Isa. 2:1-6, 19-21; bold and italic emphasis added)



(From [S]

Is the General Conference Involved in Ecumenism?

With highlights and comments by the Contributor


The Goals of the Faith and Order Commission – Seventh-day Adventist Involvement;


An urgent message to Seventh-day Adventists as the prophetic time clock winds down:

Text of Sermon, Sabbath, August 12, 1989

BEM Triune Concepts (Seventh-day Adventists Beware of the Trinity dogma as a Mark of the Beast)



The nearness of the Second Coming of Jesus Christ


"A Message Whose Time Has Come"

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Apostasy in Prophetic Interpretation
(A sermon to strengthen faith in the sure word of prophecy)





(Cf. DISTRESS OF NATIONS WITH PERPLEXITY - A Sign of the last remnant of time)

Keeping an eye on the European Union:

European Union

CONTINUING COVERAGE OF THE GEOLOGICAL AND CLIMATOLOGICAL SIGNS WHICH MULTIPLY - “the sea and the waves roaring” Luke 21:25; “Calamities, earthquakes, floods, disasters by land and by sea, will increase. . . ." - (R&H, December 11, 1900):

Natural disasters and extreme weather

Global Disaster Watch

The Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System




A Major Path For Rome Among Many Converging through Jerusalem to Global Domination By Satan in Person - the Ultimate Antichrist


(The Roman Catholic Social Doctrine - Ascendancy of the Roman Catholic dogma in the body politic of the United States.)

The insight of A. T. Jones that needs to be kept in mind as Roman Catholic legislation proliferates throughout America - "The papacy is very impatient of any restraining bonds"  more . . .

Ellen G. White: "When the leading churches of the United States, uniting upon such points of doctrine as are held by them in common, shall influence the state to enforce their decrees and to sustain their institutions, then Protestant America will have formed an image of the Roman hierarchy, and the infliction of civil penalties upon dissenters will inevitably result." (GC 445.1)

"When Protestantism shall stretch her hand across the gulf to grasp the hand of the Roman power, when she shall reach over the abyss to clasp hands with Spiritualism, when, under the influence of this threefold union, our country shall repudiate every principle of its Constitution as a Protestant and Republican government, and shall make provision for the propagation of papal falsehoods and delusions, then we may know that the time has come for the marvelous working of Satan, and that the end is near." (5T 451.)

My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because thou hast rejected knowledge, I will also reject thee, that thou shalt be no priest to me: seeing thou hast forgotten the law of thy God, I will also forget thy children. Hosea 4:6

We do not go deep enough in our search for truth. Every soul who believes present truth will be brought where he will be required to give a reason of the hope that is in him. The people of God will be called upon to stand before kings, princes, rulers, and great men of the earth, and they must know that they do know what is truth. (Review and Herald, February 18, 1890; TM 119)

Spirit of Prophecy Policy on Family Planning  (For full context cf. Adventists and Birth Control; Adventists and Birth Control (Concluded)


Certain of the popular positions mentioned approvingly in some hyperlinked reports, essays, and blogs on this web page will of necessity cause reactions of strong disagreement, or at the very least discomfort, on the part of many readers. Regrettably, these positions cannot be separated from the core issues in the reports which prove the fulfillment of major end-times prophecies, and may of themselves be fulfillment of the prophecy of the Apostle Paul in 2 Timothy 3:1-5

LINK TO 2015

NEW►  Given the grip of the Church of Rome on the Religious Right movement and in turn the takeover of the Republican Party by the movement, it is appropriate to focus on the advancing Roman Catholic and Religious Right agenda and its impact on the 2016 presidential election. The twists and turns in the fortunes of the candidates and the triumph of Donald Trump has made the signs difficult to read. However, the Religious Right's agenda is clearly stated in the Republican Party's platform. This fact should be kept in mind in the face of complications within the Party and between the two major parties which obscure the meaning of unfolding events related to Rev. 13:-

From [D]

New GOP Platform Aims To Make The Christian Right Even More Powerful

Churches and other tax-exempt institutions are prohibited from political organizing, but Republicans want to change that.

Republicans met in Cleveland this week to finalize their platform in preparation for Donald Trump’s nomination for president. Among the new GOP platform’s highlights ― which include extreme anti-LGBT measures ― is a proposal to repeal a 50-year-old tax law that prohibits churches and other tax-exempt organizations from political organizing.

“This is going to create a revolution among Christian leaders, nonprofit universities, and nonprofits in general,” Jerry Falwell Jr., president of Christian-based Liberty University who has endorsed Donald Trump for president, said in an interview with the Richmond Times-Dispatch on Wednesday.

In 1954, Congress passed an amendment proposed by then-Sen. Lyndon Johnson to ban 501(c)(3) organizations ― which includes both churches and charities ― from engaging in political campaign activity. In 1987 Congress adjusted the language of what has come to be known as the “Johnson Amendment” to clarify that the ban applies to statements both endorsing and opposing candidates.

Some believe the law violates religious leaders’ First Amendment rights, but others feel it maintains the integrity of the tax system under which churches and nonprofits do not pay taxes on their income and contributions made to them are tax- deductible by donors.

The Internal Revenue Service upholds the prohibition accordingly, investigating churches and faith leaders who use their tax-exempt platforms to engage in political organizing.

Among the leaders and organizations, like Falwell, who favor repealing the amendment but maintaining religious organizations’ tax exemption, are conservative Christian nonprofit Alliance Defending Freedom, Catholic anti-abortion organization Priests for Life, and Branch Ministries Inc., whose permit the IRS revoked in the mid-1990s for campaigning against Bill Clinton.

According to a 2014 Pew Research poll, nearly 60 percent of Republicans believe churches should express their political views, compared with 42 percent of Democrats. Just 38 percent of Republicans and 28 percent of Democrats, though, think churches should go as far as endorsing candidates.

Tony Perkins, president of the Family Research Council and Republican platform committee member, said the proposal to repeal the law would be a “priority” of a Trump administration, which nearly 80 percent of white evangelicals said they would support.

Religious organizations should “have the ability to speak freely, and ... should not live in fear of the IRS,” Perkins said, according to Time.

In spite of any fear faith leaders may harbor about sharing their political beliefs, conservative Christians don’t seem to have been particularly hard hit by the law. The Christian right, also called the religious right, has proven to be a powerful organizing force in recent decades, spearheading the movements against abortion and gay rights, as well as so-called “religious liberty” cases that allow businesses to discriminate against LGBT people.

Previous proposals to repeal the Johnson Amendment, submitted by Rep. Walter Jones (R-N.C.) in 2013 and again in 2015, have failed to pass in Congress. As the Los Angeles Times wrote in an editorial about the proposal in 2013: “Churches may have a 1st Amendment right to endorse candidates, but there is no constitutional right to a tax exemption.”

Reverend Steven Baines of Americans United for the Separation of Church and State expressed similar sentiment in 2012 after a Maryland bishop announced he was “purposely preaching a message that violates the 501(c)(3) status of our tax code” to campaign against President Barack Obama’s reelection.

“Basically what you’re doing when you endorse a candidate from the pulpit is you’re flowing thousands of dollars of non-taxed money to political parties,” Baines told Religion & Politics at the time. “They are turning houses of worship into political action committees without risking that taxable income.” (Blue highlights by Contributor.)

Presidential candidates generally are not wholly committed to their party's platform for political reasons, and they commonly make no serious attempts to implement the platform planks if elected. "Bob Dole famously declared that he didn't even read the GOP platform after the party rejected his proposal to insert a "declaration of tolerance" in place of the anti-abortion plank" (Do party platforms really matter?) Nevertheless, if Tony Perkins is correct that "the proposal to repeal the law would be a “priority” of a Trump administration" and Trump is elected, the Religious Right is on the verge of realizing their goal of freedom from all restraints on political activism. However, the following statement in the above article is worthy of note:

In spite of any fear faith leaders may harbor about sharing their political beliefs, conservative Christians don’t seem to have been particularly hard hit by the law. The Christian right, also called the religious right, has proven to be a powerful organizing force in recent decades, spearheading the movements against abortion and gay rights, as well as so-called “religious liberty” cases that allow businesses to discriminate against LGBT people.

The fact is that the Church of Rome and the Religious Right are much closer to fulfilling Rev. 13:15-17 than many care to recognize. The final movements will be rapid ones, and they may roll up on us sooner than now appears possible.

NEW►  The British have voted to leave the European Union (EU,) which has been a scheme to recreate and expand the Holy Roman Empire. This result of the Brexit referendum has sent shock waves aroung the globe. The EU is part of a process of globalization, which is also a perceptible scheme of the papacy to achieve world domination, consistent with Bible prophecy:-

Britain Votes to Leave E.U.; Cameron Plans to Step Down

Britain has voted to leave the European Union, a historic decision sure to reshape the nation’s place in the world, rattle the Continent and rock political establishments throughout the West. . .

European leaders acknowledged that the British vote would further limit their ability to move forward with economic and political integration, a process that had all but stalled anyway.

“Today marks a turning point for Europe,” Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany said. “It is a turning point for the European unification process.” . . .

Britain will become the first country to leave the 28-member bloc, which has been increasingly weighed down by its failures to deal fully with a succession of crises, from the financial collapse of 2008 to a resurgent Russia and the huge influx of migrants last year. . .

For the European Union, the result is a disaster, raising questions about the direction, cohesion and future of a bloc built on liberal values and shared sovereignty that represents, with NATO, a vital component of Europe’s postwar structure. . .

The loss of Britain is an enormous blow to the credibility of a bloc already under pressure from slow growth, high unemployment, the migrant crisis, Greece’s debt woes and the conflict in Ukraine.

“The main impact will be massive disorder in the E.U. system for the next two years,” said Thierry de Montbrial, founder and executive chairman of the French Institute of International Relations. “There will be huge political transition costs, on how to solve the British exit, and the risk of a domino effect or bank run from other countries that think of leaving.”

Europe will have to “reorganize itself in a system of different degrees of association,” said Karl Kaiser, a Harvard professor and former director of the German Council on Foreign Relations. . .

Other anti-establishment and far-right parties in Europe, like the National Front of Marine Le Pen in France, Geert Wilders’s party in the Netherlands and the Alternative for Germany party will celebrate the outcome. The depth of anti-Europe sentiment could be a key factor in national elections scheduled next year in the other two most important countries of the European Union, France and Germany.

With European leaders, including Angela Merkel of Germany, predicting a limitation of the EU nations' ability to move forward with economic and political integration, the question is whither bound is the Vatican's new Holy Roman Empire in the making? As far as the EU is concerned, the European leaders (and the Vatican) are probably genuinely disappointed that they were not able to draw the British into their currency and policy of political integration. They should not be disappointed that a major obstacle in the way of integration is being removed. The British have always resisted integration into a Eurpoean superstate, as was pointed out in a number of reports before the Brexit referendum vote:

Brexit: the best argument for Britain to leave the European Union:

Poll results have started to come in in this week's historic vote on Brexit— British exit from the EU. And it's looking like there's a real possibility that the United Kingdom will vote to leave. Many people view this as a disaster for the European Union.

But Andrew Lilico, a British economist at the consulting firm Europe Economics, argues that it's more complicated than that. He views the creation and expansion of the EU over the past half-century as a great accomplishment with benefits for both Britain and continental Europe. But he now believes it would now be better — for both Britain and the rest of the EU — for Britain to leave.

Why? Lilico believes that British exit from the EU became inevitable as soon as soon as the UK refused to join Europe’s common currency project. The euro has been an economic disaster, creating shockingly high unemployment rates in peripheral EU countries like Greece and Spain.

Lilico argues that the euro can only work well if the eurozone becomes a single integrated superstate. And he argues that the UK’s presence within the EU has become the most important obstacle to deeper European integration. . .

Brexit vote would bring EU states closer together, says French finance minister:

European countries would counter the economic shock of a British vote to leave the EU by accelerating plans for closer integration, the French finance minister has said. . .

Europe struggles with integration — and Britain struggles with Europe:

On Thursday, British voters will have the opportunity to express their collective opinion on whether to remain in the European Union. "Brexit" is the shorthand term for leaving. The referendum of Prime Minister David Cameron's government has been extremely controversial, even within his own Conservative Party.

However, the referendum does reflect the strong established currents within Britain of skepticism and outright opposition to European economic and political integration. . .

In 2005, Britain also led the way in vetoing a proposed comprehensive European Constitution. The risk of losing aid from Brussels encouraged politically astute Labour Prime Minister Tony Blair's decision. Additionally, European backers of integration had grown more ambitious, alienating Britain and others with visions of expanding EU authority at the expense of national sovereignty. . .

British resistance to institutional engagement in Europe is deeply rooted historically, traceable at least to the 16th century. According to one story, King Henry VIII had a portrait of himself painted in which he held in one hand a pair of scales labeled Austria and France. In his other hand, he held a weight capable of tipping the balance in favor of one state or the other. This image is a useful symbol for British policies toward the continent in the centuries that have followed. Britain proved crucial in defeating Napoleon and then Hitler. . .

A penchant for separation from continental European institutions, as illustrated by the story about King Henry VIII, includes the Holy Roman Empire, of which Britain was never a part. It is worthy of note that major nations such as France were not a part. Now, even without Britain a new Holy Roman Empire comprised of European Union nations is vastly expanded from the old. This is in harmony with the papacy's global ambition.

Notwithstanding pessimism about the future of the European Union expressed by Angela Merkel and other European leaders, Britain's vote to leave the EU has been followed swiftly by plans for a superstate:

Is a European Superstate in the Near Future?

In the wake of the United Kingdom’s referendum to leave the European Union, pundits the world over have pondered the future of the influential (and largely economic) coalition of European states. Several of the most powerful remaining of these member-states, however, seem to be wasting no time in charting that future course for themselves.

Polish broadcaster TVP has obtained a 9-page excerpt from a document endorsed by the foreign ministers of both Germany and France detailing what appears to be a road-map toward a more federalized European Union; a new development that could weaken the individual sovereignty of the participants and pave the way for something akin to “the United States of Europe.”

Britain dodges European Union ‘superstate’ bullet with plans revealed days after Brexit vote

THE EU has unveiled plans to morph the continent’s countries into one giant superstate just days after Britain voted to leave the EU, it is claimed.

Foreign ministers from France and Germany presented the radical proposals to do away with individual member states’ armies, criminal law systems and central banks, The Sun reports.

The blueprint suggests the 27 states in the bloc would also lose what is left of their powers to control their own borders, including the procedure for admitting and relocating refugees, according to reports by Polish media.

Instead all powers would be transferred to Brussels under the controversial plans.

In a foreword to the nine-page report seen by the Daily Express, German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier and his French counterpart Jean-Marc Ayrault said: “Our countries share a common destiny and a common set of values … that give rise to an even closer union between our citizens.

“We will therefore strive for a political union in Europe and invite the next Europeans to participate in this venture.”

The EU is seen as an example of the need for nations to think globally in order to survive in a world economy marked by the rapid development of technology. Globalization is also precisely what serves the purpose of the papacy, and the dragon power behind the throne (Rev. 13:2, last part.) There is a critical distinction between globalization and internationalization:

Globalization Versus Internationalization

 Globalization, considered by many to be the inevitable wave of the future, is frequently confused with internationalization, but is in fact something totally different. Internationalization refers to the increasing importance of international trade, international relations, treaties, alliances, etc. Inter-national, of course, means between or among nations. The basic unit remains the nation, even as relations among nations become increasingly necessary and important. Globalization refers to global economic integration of many formerly national economies into one global economy, mainly by free trade and free capital mobility, but also by easy or uncontrolled migration. It is the effective erasure of national boundaries for economic purposes. International trade (governed by comparative advantage) becomes interregional trade (governed by absolute advantage). What was many becomes one.

The very word "integration" derives from "integer", meaning one, complete, or whole. Integration is the act of combining into one whole. Since there can be only one whole, only one unity with reference to which parts are integrated, it follows that global economic integration logically implies national economic disintegration. By disintegration I do not mean that the productive plant of each country is annihilated, but rather that its parts are torn out of their national context (dis-integrated), in order to be re-integrated into the new whole, the globalized economy. As the saying goes, to make an omelette you have to break some eggs. The disintegration of the national egg is necessary to integrate the global omelette. . .

It is obvious that economics is a major vehicle for the supranational global government planned by the Vatican. This is to accomplish political integration where this cannot be accomplished through religious ecumenism. Rome is on the march on all fronts:

The EU, the UK and The Future of the Global Economy

The rapid spread of information of technology has made it almost impossible for governments to control cross border capital flows or regulate the production, marketing and distribution of multinational enterprise. Perhaps more importantly, most economists see globalization as the engine of world economic growth and prosperity. Indeed, many point to the formation of the European Union (EU) as one of the more striking examples of the need to think globally to survive in the new economy. . .

In truth, globalization is much more than simply the integration of different economic systems. It is, rather, the merging of social and political value systems, as well as economies, although admittedly proponents of globalization have tended to focus on the economic aspects alone. . .

The EU nations have greatly helped shape the future for all nations but this great example in governance cannot succeed without the UK. [It remains to be seen whether success is dependent on UK involvement.]

IN ANY EVENT, no matter what happens in Europe, globalization is here to stay, both by irreversible technological conditions AND as the ultimate objective of the papacy and the dragon. The world is rapidly advancing towards the apocalyptic union of nations against the Lamb of God and those who are with Him; but their end and that of the papacy will be as described in Rev. 17:12-18.

NEW►  A Jesuit has been appointed head of the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom:-

From [D]

Jesuit appointed head of US religious freedom commission

Jesuit priest Fr. Thomas Reese was first appointed to a two-year term as a member of the commission by President Barack Obama in 2014, and re-appointed in 2016.

Now he will take over as the chair of the organization, an independent, bipartisan commission that monitors and reviews religious freedom violations around the world, and makes policy recommendations to the Secretary of State, Congress and the president. . .

Created by the 1998 International Religious Freedom Act, the commission issues annual reports on the state of religious freedom around the world, and names countries that are guilty of severe religious freedom violations during the previous year. It also holds public hearings and conducts fact-finding missions to aid in its efforts.

In taking over as chair of the body, Fr. Reese replaces Princeton law professor Dr. Robert George.

Fr. Reese serves as the senior analyst for the National Catholic Reporter. Previously, he served as editor-in-chief at America Magazine – a publication of the Jesuit order – from 1998-2005 and its associate editor from 1978-1985. Fr. Reese also was a senior fellow at the Woodstock Theological Center from 1985-1998, and again from 2008-2013.

In his time at America, the Vatican raised issues with several articles published at the magazine, including some on abortion and homosexuality. Fr. Reese resigned from the publication in May 2015.

The appointment of Jesuit Thomas Reese is not as dramatic a change as might appear at first sight. His predecessor Dr. Robert George is also a Roman Catholic, and as will appear below is identified with an extreme right-wing Roman Catholic ideology. The appointment of Thomas Reese more than likely signals a swing of the pendulum of power from neo-conservative Catholics to the “liberals,” (Jesuit concern for the poor and condemnation of unbridled capitalism.) Robert George has also made explicit statements about the meaning of religious freedom in Roman Catholic theology.

On the surface the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom would be expected to be committed to individual religious liberty and to separation of Church and State as the best guarantee of religious freedom. There is overwhelming evidence that these cannot be the true objectives of the organization. Furthermore, the passages in the last bookmark were written in 2013, with a focus on the farcical idea that the Church of Rome could be genuinely committed to religious freedom for any but the Roman Catholic hierarchy (Cf. "The freedom of the Church . . .;" "Professor George is chairman . . .") This focus did not include the role of the US Congress in legislating for religious freedom around the globe. There are troubling aspects to this legislation, in both its origins and its implementation. Of great significance is the fact that evangelical Christians played a major role in its passage:

Politics of Religious Freedom: Case Studies

In the United States, the U.S. Congress passed the International Religious Freedom Act (IRFA) in 1998 during the second term of the Clinton Administration. The Act both expressly invoked religious freedom as a human right recognized in U.S. and international law alike and established a Commission on International Religious Freedom to monitor, promote, and protect that right worldwide The implementation of IRFA has had mixed results and has changed over time. IRFA has been criticized for the disproportionate role American evangelical Christians played in its passage, for its preoccupation with the plight of Christians rather than that of other religious minorities, and the systemic inequality produced by majoritarian religious politics. . .

The American foreign policy establishment itself has begun to appreciate the complexity of the world religious landscape in which IRFA seeks to intervene. In other words, since its passage, IRFA has been subject to a variety of transformations and critiques from within and without.

Legislating International Religious Freedom

With the passage of the International Religious Freedom Act in 1998, the United States became one of the few countries in the world to make promotion of religious freedom an explicit foreign policy goal. The act, signed into law by President Clinton, established an Office of International Religious Freedom at the State Department, headed by an ambassador-at-large responsible for issuing a yearly country-by-country report on religious freedom. . .

The 1998 act also created the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom, an independent government agency that issues its own annual report and makes policy recommendations to the State Department, Congress and the president.

The Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life, the American Academy of Religion and the Library of Congress’ Kluge Center invited four distinguished experts to explore why the U.S. has made international religious freedom a priority and in what ways the policy has succeeded or failed. . .

TIMOTHY S. SHAH: Almost precisely 25 years ago, on November 25th, 1981, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed a declaration on religious freedom, or in classic diplomatic language, the Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief. That mouthful hints at the lengthy and torturous deliberations required for the UN to draft this declaration, a process that took something like 20 years. But in the end the world body achieved a fairly robust consensus and was able to declare forthrightly that “All states shall take effective measures to prevent and eliminate discrimination on the grounds of religion or belief.”

Twenty-five years after that landmark declaration, only two countries in the world have made the advancement of international religious freedom an explicit and significant goal of their foreign policies. One is the Vatican city-state and the other is the United States of America. . .

ALLEN D. HERTZKE: I want to start by providing the context for the legislation. What were the conditions underlying the legislative initiative? The first condition is the globalization of Christianity. The tectonic shift of the Christian population to the developing world of Asia, Africa and Latin America provide the crucial underpinning for this movement. It created a constituency around the world that communicates with an American constituency here at home. Some two thirds of all Christians live in Asia, Africa and Latin America today, and the percentage is growing. Many of these Christians live amidst conditions of poverty, exploitation, war and religious persecution; these communities communicate with their counterparts here in the United States and sensitize many lay Americans to the problem of religious persecution.

The second condition is related to the importance of religion in the modern world. The pervasiveness of religious persecution has a lot to do religion’s importance. As Samuel Huntington noted in one work, “If religion is unimportant, it can be tolerated. If it is important, governments will insist on controlling it, regulating it, suppressing or prohibiting it, or manipulating it to their own advantage.” That context helps explain why persecution endures in so many parts of the world today.

The pervasiveness of persecution and the globalization of Christianity also create another context: the potential for allies in the campaign against persecution. What began initially in 1996 as a campaign primarily for persecuted Christians blossomed into a concern for persecuted religious minorities. Evangelical, Catholic and mainline Protestant Christians found allies among Tibetan Buddhists, Iranian Bahai, Buddhists in Southeast Asia and China, and Muslim Uighars in western China. Many U.S. Christian groups, which began with what we might call a parochial concern about their own, became sensitized to the issue, more broadly, of religious freedom and the persecution of minorities. This created what I call the “unlikely alliance” that made the legislation seem compelling to members of Congress.

The final piece of the puzzle had to do with church-based networks here in the United States, and, in particular, the activation of evangelical networks on behalf of the legislation. Harvard political scientist Robert Putnam has written about how the evangelical community has built, in the last quarter century, the most vibrant social movement network we have seen in recent years. Those social-movement networks were mobilized initially on behalf of domestic, conservative issues but were activated later on behalf of international religious freedom.

As Allen D. Hertzke points out in the above quotation, "What began initially in 1996 as a campaign primarily for persecuted Christians blossomed into a concern for persecuted religious minorities." The "globalization of Christiantity" was the root cause of concern about religious persecution, and this is emphasized by the following article in the Israeli publication Jewish Israel:

When Religious Freedom becomes Religious Tyranny

A disproportionate amount of the report is dedicated to depicting Torah traditions and Orthodox Judaism as oppressive, and to reporting on Israel’s “growing” but “harassed” community of apostate Jews and Christian missionaries. . .

On the right to proselytize:

The report places an unusual emphasis on the right of missionaries to proselytize in Israel. This entitlement is mentioned throughout the lengthy report:

“Proselytizing is legal in the country and missionaries of all religious groups are allowed to proselytize all citizens.”

“Society's attitudes toward missionary activities and conversion generally were negative. Most Jews were opposed to missionary activity directed at Jews, and some were hostile to Jewish converts to Christianity. While proselytism is officially legal, missionaries continued to face harassment and discrimination by some Jewish activists and organizations.”

“Despite harassment, the number of Messianic Jews and evangelical Christians has grown in recent years through both immigration and conversion. During the reporting period, however, increased press

reporting and complaints from religious freedom activists indicated a corresponding increase in Yad L'achim and associated activism, and a growing wider backlash against the presence of evangelical Christian or Messianic Jewish congregations and missionaries living in Jewish communities. Exacerbating these tensions was the widespread but false belief that proselytizing is illegal in the country.

It’s clear that the US State Department deems proselytizing a religious right (under the International Religious Freedoms Act of 1998), but it appears evident from the report that the majority of Israel’s Jewish citizens are opposed to, or feel harassed by, such a practice in the Jewish state - so much so that the populace makes the natural assumption that missionary activity is illegal (and, indeed, it should

be). . .

Agudath Israel of America reacts:

It’s been reported that Agudath Israel of America’s executive vice president Rabbi Chaim Dovid Zwiebel issued the following statement regarding the U.S. State Department’s recent release of its “International Religious Freedom Report” for 2009:

“Much of the criticism of Israel in the U.S. Department of State’s International Religious Freedom Report for 2009 is misplaced.”

“The United States is rightly proud of its tradition as a republic that embraces no official religion. But numerous other countries, with equal pride, define themselves as Muslim or Christian. One country was created as a Jewish state. Israel’s choice of timeless Jewish tradition in the public realm and with regard to issues of personal status requires no apology. Criticism of Israel for being true to its foundational ideal is ill-conceived.”

The Jerusalem Post also issued a news story on the Religious Freedoms report.

The Bitter Irony:

Jewish Israel feels the State Department’s report is a clear case of Judeo-Christian tolerance and values becoming tyranny.

In a sort of “clash of civilizations”, Jewish heritage and tradition has been pitted against American-style Freedom of Religion and Democracy (with a little Christian nationalism thrown in for good measure).

The bitter irony is that it was Orthodox Jew Michael Horowitz of the Hudson Institute, who in the mid-1990’s, teamed up with evangelicals and spearheaded the Congressional International Religious Freedoms Act of 1998 which would result in the current State Department reports which are now challenging Israel’s right to be a Jewish nation.

That this law and subsequent reports would be used to defend missionary activity in Israel, promote “messianic” Christianity as Judaism, and pressure Israel into withdrawing counter -missionary legislation, was written on the wall early on, and in a number of publications. Why Jews like Michael Horowitz chose to ignore the signs is beyond us.

There is a complex of issues and questions raised by the articles from which the foregoing quotations have been drawn. The Roman Catholic connection alone is complicated and contradictory. Looking first at the Evangelical (Religious Right) involvement in the passage and implementation of the International Religious Freedom legislation, it is essential to recognize the Church of Rome's role in politicizing the Evangelical Protestants. Rome continues to manipulate the Evangelicals, although there are disagreements on Zionism. Moreover, through the Religious Right the Roman Catholic Church had taken over the Republican Party, which controlled both the House and the Senate at the time of the legislation. (Cf. The American Party of God; Theocratic Dictatorship - "Two vast movements . . .". The evidence is overwhelming that the Church of Rome has acquired domination over the US Congress through the Evangelical Protestants.

The quotation from "Jewish Israel" above puts the spotlight on one area of disagreement between Rome and the Evangelicals. The Vatican has made a firm commitment to desist from proselytizing the Jews. Interestingly, Rome has asserted the right to "evangelize" all other religions and faiths, ("In this and all of the other ecumenical activities . . .";) while also promoting the contradictory goal of bringing all together in diversity. The U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom accomodates all aspects of the Vatican's drive towards the goal of global dominance, including its contradictions.



For earlier entries go to:



Elder Wm. H. Grotheer died on Sabbath, Saturday May 2, 2009.

He has left a rich legacy of theological writings and sermons which will be a blessing to many until the end of time.

Follow the adjacent link to a moving tribute written by a former student of Elder Grotheer who has been a friend of the Grotheer family for nearly fifty years.

In memory of
William Henry Grotheer October 10, 1923
to May 2, 2009


"The hour has come, the hour is striking and striking at you, the hour and the end!"  Eze. 7:6 (Moffatt)